Earlier, following a vegan diet was considered an impractical task as it restricts the usage of many common food products like meat, milk, and egg. In addition to that, a vegan diet does not promote the use of any animal based products, including honey. However, situations have changed now. Some studies conducted on modern society have proved that a considerable number of people are shifting from their normal food routine to plant based diets. This is mainly because of some of its health benefits. But it is necessary to understand that a vegan diet also has many inherent limitations like any other diet. In this article, we will analyze some of the pros and cons of following a plant based diet.
Advantages Of Vegan Diet
One of the main advantages of a vegan diet is that it does not contain any saturated fats. The fat content of animal based food products is replaced by carbohydrates. Therefore, it will never lead to fat deposition and will not cause cholesterol. However, some plant products like soy seeds contain fats. But those products have only a nominal proportion and will not cause any harm to the user.
Reduces Blood Pressure
Plant based food products are considered as the best diet plan for cardiac health. This is because it does not contain any complex substances and will get digested easily. It will also help in reducing blood pressure by removing inflammation from the blood vessels. Some studies have proved that regular consumption of a plant based diet will help in reducing the LDL level and will reduce the chance of hypertension and type 2 diabetics.
You might have noticed that all the non-vegetarian meals will be served with some vegetables. This is because plant based food products have a lot of fiber content, therefore it will help in improving digestion. If you are following a vegan diet, you would never feel overloaded because of this property. However, even if it promotes faster digestion, it will not promote the absorption of all the nutrients in the diet at the same speed.
Improves Self Control
It requires a lot of self control and discipline to properly follow a vegan diet. Therefore, if you are following a vegan diet, the control you are exercising in your food habit will get extended to your behavior and will help in improving your character. Some studies have also proved that vegan eating will slow down the eating process and it will be reflected in a person’s behavior by reducing impulsive actions.
Disadvantages Of Plant Diet
Finding A Substitute Is Difficult
As we all know, milk, egg and meat are the biggest sources of protein and calcium. If a person is adopting a vegan diet plan, it will be difficult for them to find a perfect substitute for these food products. Even if there are many plant products like soy milk that can be used as a source of protein, the proportion of nutrients are comparatively low. Therefore, people will have to consume more plant food to get the benefits of animal based products.
Interference With Medical Condition
Changing your diet plant or shifting from nonvegetarian to a vegan diet is a big change. While making this change, people will not only have to adapt to the taste of vegan meals but also to their nutritional content. Since a vegan diet is substituting many essential nutrients like fat with carbohydrates, it may take some time to adapt to the same. During this stage, there is a high chance for this diet to interact or interfere with existing medical conditions like diabetics and osteoporosis.
Lack Of Essential Nutrients
One of the biggest disadvantages of a vegan diet is that some nutrients like vitamin B12 that are abundant in animal products are absent in this type of diet. However, some plant products are containing these nutrients but those products are not common in the market. In addition to that, the proportion of the nutrients in those plant products is also very low. Therefore, if you are following a vegan diet, you might have to use nutritional supplements for the availability of these nutrients.
The above mentioned are some advantages and disadvantages of a vegan diet. There are many myths regarding the vegan diet. Many people believe that being a vegan is a permanent solution for all health problems. It might be true for some people and may not be for others. Therefore, if you are planning to follow a vegan diet, you must consult with an expert and understand its possible effects on your body. You must also research about the food products that can be substituted for meat, egg, and milk. In addition to that, you must make sure not to make a rapid transition as it may affect your health adversely.